Abstract T P129: Association of Increased Serum Alkaline Phosphatase with Intracranial Atherosclerosis
Background: Vascular calcification is strongly associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality by reducing arterial elastance. Recently alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is identified as the critical factor for vascular calcification, but no clinical studies investigating relevance of ALP and cerebral atherosclerosis have been reported. In this study, we assessed the hypothesis that increased levels of serum ALP may be associated with severity of cerebral atherosclerosis.
Methods: From October 2010 to March 2012, we prospectively included total 518 patients (313 men/205 women) aged 25-96 years with acute ischemic stroke. Cardioembolic stroke patients were excluded because of the interference by acute arterial embolic occlusion. The patients were divided by baseline measurements into quantiles of ALP levels (<58, 58-69, 70-89, >90 IU/L). Bilateral middle cerebral arteries, distal internal carotid arteries and basilar artery were selected for the evaluation of intracranial atherosclerosis, bilateral proximal internal carotid arteries and common carotid arteries for the extracranial atherosclerosis. We defined significant arterial stenosis as moderate or more stenosis (50-100%) evaluated by at least one angiographic study using MR angiography, CT angiography or digital subtraction angiography. Statistical analyses were performed using the multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, gender, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, smoking, presence of secondary prevention, serum calcium levels.
Results: In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, compared with the first ALP quantile, adjusted odds ratio of the third and fourth quantiles for significant intracranial atherosclerosis were 2.30 (95% confidence interval 1.06-5.01) and 3.84 (1.78-8.30). There was no significant correlation between ALP levels and significant extracranial atherosclerosis.
Conclusions: In conclusion, our study demonstrated that increased serum levels of ALP are an independent risk factor for significant intracranial atherosclerosis.
Author Disclosures: J. Kim: None. T. Kim: None. C. Kim: None. S. Jung: None. Y. Kim: None. S. Ko: None. S. Lee: None. B. Yoon: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.