Abstract T P142: Mortality and Stroke Recurrence in Obese Stroke Patients: The Obesity Paradox in a London-Based Population
Several studies have shown a paradoxical association between body mass index (BMI) and mortality after stroke. However, the association between BMI, waist circumference (WC) and mortality and stroke recurrence is unclear.
This study aimed to determine the associations between BMI, WC and mortality and stroke recurrence at 6 months post stroke.
Patients were recruited from consecutive admissions at 2 hyper-acute stroke units in London and were classified into 4 categories of BMI (underweight, normal weight, overweight and obese) and quartiles of WC. Outcomes were obtained for each patient through a national database that contains details of all hospital admissions.
Chi-square tests were used to compare mortality and stroke recurrence rates. Cox Proportional Hazards Models were used to compare mortality risk and survival curves between different BMI categories and WC quartiles.
Of 543 recruited patients, 51% were males and 87% had an ischaemic stroke, with a mean age of 74.7 years (range 22-99).
There were significant inverse associations between BMI and WC and risk of mortality at 6-months post-stroke (see table) (p=0.001 and p=0.04, respectively). After adjusting for possible confounders (age, ethnicity, gender, severity and type of stroke, stroke risk factors), these associations were attenuated (p=0.06 for BMI and p=0.11 for WC).
No significant differences were found in stroke recurrence rates between BMI groups (underweight 3.7%, normal weight 3.8%, overweight 4.5%, obese 2.8%; p=0.91) or WC quartiles (Q1 2.8%, Q2 5.1%, Q3 3.5%, Q4 3.6%; p=0.83).
After a stroke, being obese and having a larger waist circumference was associated with reduced mortality but did not affect the risk of a recurrent stroke.
Author Disclosures: F. Gomes: None. P.W. Emery: None. C.E. Weekes: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.