Abstract T P153: Women and Men with Ischemic Stroke in SiGN Have Different Subtype Distributions and Risk Factors
Introduction: The relative distribution of stroke risk factors, as well as ischemic stroke subtypes, in women compared with men is not well described.
Hypothesis: We hypothesized that the distribution of ischemic stroke risk factors and subtypes would differ by sex, with a later onset in women and greater proportion of comorbidities.
Methods: The NINDS Stroke Genetics Network (SiGN) consortium was established to evaluate genetic risk factors for ischemic stroke. A total of 23 separate studies performed Causative Classification of Stroke (CCS) typing using standardized criteria on ischemic stroke cases and contributed data on risk factors. We compared the distribution of ischemic stroke risk factors and CCS phenotypes between men and women with ischemic stroke.
Results: Of the 16,228 ischemic strokes in SiGN, 8005 (49.3%) occurred in women. Median age at stroke was older in female than male stroke cases (73 vs. 66 years) (p=<0.0001). Among stroke cases, women were more likely than men cases to have hypertension or atrial fibrillation and less likely to have diabetes or coronary artery disease, or to smoke (p <0.003 for all). The distribution of stroke subtypes also differed by sex, with women less likely than men to have large artery infarction and small artery occlusion, and more likely to have cardioembolic stroke and undetermined stroke due to incomplete work-up (p values all <0.0001; see Table). Results were similar when the distribution of stroke subtypes was examined for those <70 years and ≥70 years, except for cardioembolic stroke remaining more common only among women ≥70.
Conclusions: In this large group of carefully phenotyped ischemic strokes, the distribution of ischemic stroke subtypes and risk factor profiles differ significantly by sex. Evaluation of the causes of these differences may highlight areas for improved prevention and risk reduction in both genders.
Author Disclosures: K.M. Rexrode: None. B.D. Mitchell: None. K.A. Ryan: None. S.J. Kittner: None. H. Ay: None. S.W. Wassertheil-Smoller: None. T. Rundek: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.