Abstract T P160: Are Severity and Outcome of Ischemic Stroke With Paroxysmal Atrial Fiblliration Different From Those With Chronic Atrial Fibrillation?
Background and Purpose: Previous studies indicated that incidence of ischemic stroke did not differ between patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) and those with chronic atrial fibrillation (CAF). However, it has been under dispute whether severity and outcome of ischemic stroke in patients with PAF differ from those with CAF. Then, we compared them between ischemic stroke patients with PAF and those with CAF.
Methods: We obtained data from the medical records of 372 consecutive patients admitted to our hospital, who had acute ischemic stroke with atrial fibrillation, from January, 2008, to December, 2012.We compared neurological severities (NIH stroke scale scores) on admission and discharge, functional outcome evaluated by modified Rankin scale, (mRS) on discharge between patients with PAF and those with CAF.
Results: Of 372 patients, 123 patients had PAF (men 62.6%, 78.0 +- 10.0 years old) and 249 patients (men 62.1%, 77.9 +- 9.5 years old) had CAF. There were no significant differences in NIH stroke scale on admission between the PAF group (media 5 with IQR 2-14) and the CAF group (6, 2-16)(P=0.2772). NIH stroke scale scores (1, 0-8.75, vs. 2, 0-10, p=0.1549) and mRS(2, 1-4, vs. 3, 1-4, p=0.2105) on discharge did not differ between the two groups, either. After adjustment for age, sex, modified Rankin scale before admission, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, there was no significant difference in mRS at discharge between the two groups. (P=0.1416).
Conclusion: It seems that the severity and outcome of ischemic stroke with PAF are not different from those with CAF.
Author Disclosures: S. Miura: None. M. Yasaka: None. K. Maeda: None. T. Uwatoko: None. T. Kuwashiro: None. Y. Wakugawa: None. Y. Okada: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.