Abstract T P173: Accuracy of Transcranial Doppler for the Diagnosis of Intracardiac Right-to-Left Shunts: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies
Background: Right-to-left shunting (RLS), usually through a patent foramen ovale (PFO), has been associated with cryptogenic stroke, migraine with aura, and hypoxemia. With emerging observational studies and clinical trials on the subject of PFO and its association with these clinical syndromes, there is a need for accurate diagnosis of PFO in patients being considered for transcatheter closure. While transesophageal echo (TEE) bubble study is the current standard reference for diagnosing PFO, transcranial Doppler (TCD) bubble study may be a preferable screening test for RLS due to its high sensitivity, non-invasiveness and low cost. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the accuracy of TCD compared to TEE as the reference.
Methods: A systematic review of Medline, Cochrane and Embase was done to look for all the prospective studies assessing for intracardiac RLS using TCD compared to TEE as the reference; both TCD and TEE were performed with a contrast agent and a maneuver to provoke RLS in all studies.
Results: A total of twenty-seven studies with 1910 patients (mean age 48 ± 5.6, 58% male) fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The weighted mean sensitivity and specificity for TCD were 96% (95% CI 90-100) and 88% (95% CI 82-94) respectively. The PPV and NPV were 87% (95% CI 81-93) and NPV: 96% (95% CI 92-100) respectively. Overall diagnostic accuracy was 91% (95% CI 87-94).
Conclusion: TCD is a reliable, non-invasive alternative diagnostic modality to TEE with an excellent sensitivity and NPV, making it a reliable screening tool for detecting RLS. TEE is limited by patient tolerance. If the precise anatomy is required, then TEE can be obtained before scheduling a patient for transcatheter PFO closure.
Author Disclosures: M. Mojadidi: None. M.O. Zaman: None. S. Roberts: None. J. Winoker: None. J. Romero: None. D. Goodman: None. R. Gevorgyan: None. J.M. Tobis: Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; AGA Medical, Inc, W.L. Gore, Inc, Coherex, Inc.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.