Abstract T P261: Non-Contrast Head CT Prior to Comprehensive Neurological Evaluation Reduces Door to Needle Times for Administration of Intravenous rtPA
Background: American Heart Association/American Stroke Association recommends treatment of eligible acute ischemic stroke patients with intravenous rtPA <60 minutes from emergency department arrival.
Purpose: A quality improvement project was designed to reduce the door to needle times for intravenous rtPA administration at Mayo Clinic Florida. We hypothesized that workflow changes in emergency department evaluation of suspected stroke patients would decrease door to needle times. The goal was to treat >75% of patients eligible for IV t-PA within 60 minutes of ED arrival.
Methods: We utilized LEAN methods to develop a project charter, identify stakeholders, and visually map the emergency department clinical workflow. Prior to project initiation, suspected stroke patients were taken upon arrival to an exam room for clinical evaluation followed by transport to the CT scanner and return to the exam room for decision-making and rtPA administration. The clinical workflow was changed to obtain patient weight immediately upon arrival, abbreviated patient assessment and lab draws outside of the CT scanner in a holding bay and performing CT scanning prior to transport to an examination room for decision making and rtPA administration.
Results: In a 12 month period preceding project initiation, 29 patients were treated with rtPA, 55 % were treated <60 minutes of emergency department arrival. In the 11 month period following implementation of CT scanning prior to neurological evaluation, 57 patients were treated with rtPA, 80 % were treated in <60 minutes of emergency department arrival. The mean door to needle time was reduced from 66 minutes to 46 minutes following the clinical workflow change. No patients experienced clinical deterioration at the time of CT scanning.
Conclusions: Non-contrast head CT scan be safely performed prior to comprehensive neurological evaluation and reduces door-to-needle times for intravenous rtPA administration in eligible stroke patients. Validated process improvement paradigms such as LEAN have the potential to reduce door to needle times and improve patient outcomes.
Author Disclosures: L. Mooney: None. S. Shaw: None. K. Barrett: None. C. Raper: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.