Abstract T P42: Patients With a Clinical Diagnosis of Non-disabling Stroke, and a Normal MRI are Clinically Indistinguishable From Patients With a MRI Lesion at 1 Year Post Stroke
Background: Up to one third of patients with a clinically apparent mild stroke and no other apparent cause of their symptoms have a normal MRI. We examined disability, recurrent stroke, and cognitive impairment at one year compared to patient with an MRI-DWI lesion.
Methods: We recruited consecutive patients with a non-disabling ischaemic stroke, and performed clinical assessment and MRI (with DWI) . An expert panel reviewed all cases, we included patients with a final diagnosis of stroke and excluded patients with another diagnosis.
At one year post stroke we recorded modified Rankin scale (mRs), stroke and TIA recurrence, Addenbrookes Cognitive Assessment Revised (ACE-R) and the Beck Depression index (BDI) and performed another MRI. Non-attenders were assessed by telephone or post. We defined cognitive impairment as ACE-R of <88, and depression as a BDI of >9.
Results: Almost one third (75/264) (median NIHSS=2) of patients had a no relevant lesion on MRI DWI. There was no difference in age, sex, symptoms, or risk factors in patients with and without a lesion, 197 had MRI at 1 year (all had clinical follow-up). Of 75 with no lesion, 41% were mRs ≥2, 13% had recurrent stroke or TIA, 36% were cognitively impaired and 46% had depression. This was not significantly different from the patients with a lesion. Of the 197 who had a follow-up MRI 50 patients with no initial lesion had follow-up MRI and one had a new lesion, (versus 20/147 patients with a lesion) (p=0.016).
Conclusions: Patients with a clinical stroke and no other obvious cause for their symptoms are clinically indistinguishable from patients with the same NIHSS who have a lesion on DWI-MRI, in terms of recurrence, disability, or cognitive impairment. Suggesting that these patients have had a stroke that does not appear on MRI. The presence of an initial lesion increases the liklihood of a lesion on 1 year MRI, however without a difference in clinical stroke this is of doubtful significance.
Author Disclosures: S. Makin: None. M. Dennis: Research Grant; Significant; NIHR (UK) 08/14/03 2010-2014, TSA (UK) 20111 2012-2014. Other Research Support; Significant; Covidien, provided materials for an RCT of which I am a PI from 2001-present. J.M. Wardlaw: Research Grant; Significant; Welcome Trust.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.