Abstract T P75: Temporal Profiles of Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 Concentration and Activity Changes in Circulation after Focal Stroke and Tissue Type Plasminogen Activator Administration in Rats
Aims: Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is the main and potent endogenous tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) inhibitor, but an important question on whether PAI-1 in blood stream responds and interferes with the exogenously administered tPA remains unexplored. We for the first time investigated temporal profiles of PAI-1 concentration and activity in circulation after stroke and tPA administration in rats.
Methods: Permanent MCAO focal stroke of rats were treated with saline or 10mg/kg tPA at 3 hours after stroke (n=10 per group). Plasma (platelet free) PAI-1 antigen and activity levels were measured by ELISA at before stroke, 3, 4.5 (1.5 hours after saline or tPA treatments) and 24 hours after stroke. Since vascular endothelial cells and platelets are two major cellular sources for PAI-1 in circulation, we measured releases of PAI-1 from cultured endothelial cells and isolated platelets after direct tPA (4 μg/ml) exposures for 60 min in vitro by ELISA (n=4 per group).
Results: At 3 hours after stroke, both plasma PAI-1 antigen and activity were significantly increased (3.09±0.67, and 3.42±0.57 fold of before stroke baseline, respectively, all data are expressed as mean±SE). At 4.5 hours after stroke, intravenous tPA administration significantly further elevated PAI-1 antigen levels (5.26±1.24), while as expected that tPA neutralized most elevated PAI-1 activity (0.33±0.05). At 24 hours after stroke, PAI-1 antigen levels returned to the before baseline level, however, there was a significantly higher PAI-1 activity (2.51±0.53) in tPA treated rats. In vitro tPA exposures significantly increased PAI-1 releases into culture medium in cultured endothelial cells (1.65±0.08) and platelets (2.02±0.17).
Conclution: Our experimental results suggest that tPA administration may further elevate stroke-increased blood PAI-1 concentration, but also increase PAI-1 activity at late 24 hours after stroke. The increased PAI-1 releases after tPA exposures in vitro suggest tPA may directly stimulate PAI-1 secretions from vascular walls and circulation platelets, which partially contributes to the PAI-1 elevation observed in focal stroke rats. The underlying regulation mechanisms and pathological consequence need further investigation.
Author Disclosures: Q. Liu: None. X. Fan: None. H. Brogren: None. M. Ning: None. E. Lo: None. Z. Yu: None. X. Wang: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.