Abstract W MP24: Modified Tibi (Thrombolysis in Brain Ischemia) Grading System for Assessment of Abnormal Residual Flow at Site of Intracranial Occlusion in Acute Ischemic Stroke
Background and purpose: The intracranial blood flow at the site of arterial occlusion in acute ischemic stroke can be measured with Transracial Doppler (TCD) using the Thrombolysis in Brain Ischemia (TIBI) grading system. The TIBI ranges from 0 to 5, where 0 no flow and 5 normal flow. Our study’s aim is to modify the TIBI grading system in order to make it simple to implement in an acute stroke setting.
METHODS: We classified Modified TIBI grading as: Grade 0- no flow, Grade 1- Bad flow: there is systolic flow but no diastolic flow or systolic flow with delayed acceleration and diastolic flow, Grade 2-Good flow: normal upstroke systolic flow and diastolic flow with decreased mean flow velocity compared to contralateral vessel by 30 %. We used the clotbust database to evaluate the modified TIBI scoring system. Poor long-term outcome was defined as modified rankin scale (MRS) score > 2.
RESULTS: Total of 369 patients with acute ischemic stroke and intracranial arterial occlusion received IV r TPA. Median age was 71 years (IQ range: 58.7-79), Sex: women: 170(46.1%). Median NIHSS was 16 (IQ range: 12.7-2), 17/98 (17.3%) patients with modified TIBI 0, 73/205(35.6%) with modified TIBI 1 and 31/66( 47%) with modified TIBI 2 had achieved complete recanalization ( p value=0001). The multiple logistic regression model revealed Baseline higher NIHSS, systolic BP, glucose and modified TIBI grade 0 were independent negative predictor of complete recanalization. Patients with modified TIBI 3 had high probability of complete recanalization compared to TIBI 0(OR 3.14, CI 95%: 1.4-6.8, P=0.004).Poor outcome at 3 months (MRS>2) was found in 46/75(61.3%) patients with modified TIBI 0, 94/170(55.3%) with modified TIBI 1 and 19/38(33.3%) with modified TIBI 2(P value <0.004). On logistic model age, baseline NIHSS, glucose and TIBI 0 were independent negative predictors of good outcome.Although statistically insignificant but patients with modified TIBI 3 had a trend towards high probability of good functional outcome (OR: 1.73, CI 95%:0.73-4.12, p=0.20).
CONCLUSION: Modified TIBI grading system is simplified version of TIBI grading and is easy to understand and apply clinically. It also predicts reliably the recanalization and functional outcome.
Author Disclosures: A. Ahmad: None. V.K. Sharma: None. G. Basir: None. K. Khan: None. A. Alexandrov: None. G. Tsivgoulis: None. A. Shuaib: None. M. Saqqur: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.