Abstract W MP27: Time to Peak Troponin T Levels Following Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Introduction: Elevations of troponin after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) frequently occur and are associated with cardiopulmonary complications. The time to peak elevation remains poorly described in terms of the natural history after SAH. Our two objectives were to define the temporal profile of troponin T elevation after SAH and correlate levels of troponin T with baseline neurological status. We hypothesized that troponin T would peak early after initial presentation.
Methods: We reviewed the medical records of all aneurysmal and non-traumatic SAH patients from March 2011-December 2012. Troponin T from patients with ≥ 2 values was recorded with respect to SAH symptom onset. Patients with ≥ 1 Troponin T value were stratified according to admission Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS). GCS was dichotomized to > 8 or ≤ 8. Fisher’s exact test was performed comparing elevated peak troponin T (≥0.01 ng/ml) versus normal against GCS status cutoffs > 8 or 8 or less.
Results: We identified 124 patients who had both troponin T and GCS reported, and 30 patients had ≥2 troponin T measurements within the first 40 hours of hospitalization. The median time to peak troponin T in these patients was 11.2 hours with a standard deviation of 6.2 hours (Range: 4.9-35.0 hours). Elevated troponin T was seen in 52 of 124. GCS of ≤ 8 was present in 43 of 124. Patients with elevated levels of troponin T had a greater chance of lower GCS [Odds ratio = 4.8 (95% CI: 2.2 to 10.7)] (P= <0.0001).
Conclusions: The median time to peak troponin T after SAH injury was 11 hours. There was a statistically significant association between troponin T elevation and worse neurologic status at presentation (GCS ≤ 8). Although our small sample size found large variation in time to peak troponin, it supports the hypothesis that troponin peaks early after the initial presentation. Future studies using troponin elevation as a biomarker should focus on sample acquisition at the time of admission and in the first 1-2 days.
Author Disclosures: K. Duello: None. J.P. Nagel: None. W.D. Freeman: None. J.L. Blackshear: None. D.A. Miller: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.