Abstract W MP58: The Relationship Between Carotid Stiffness, Diastolic Diameter, and White Matter Hyperintensity Volume: The Northern Manhattan Study
Background: Changes in the extracranial vasculature may be associated with small vessel disease in the brain. We sought to examine the association of carotid stiffness and carotid diastolic diameter with white matter hyperintensity volume (WMHV), a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measure for cerebral small vessel disease, in a multi-ethnic community-based cohort.
Methods: We evaluated 1140 stroke-free participants in the Northern Manhattan study who underwent brain MRIs and high-resolution carotid ultrasounds. We used linear regression to examine carotid stiffness and diastolic diameter with WMHV after adjusting for sociodemographics, lifestyle behaviors, and traditional vascular risk factors.
Results: Among 1140 participants (mean age: 70.6±9.0 years; 61% women; 15% White, 16% Black, 59% Hispanics), the mean carotid stiffness was 8.19 ± 5.39, mean carotid diastolic diameter was 6.16 ± 0.93 mm, and mean WMHV 0.68 ± 0.84. In a fully adjusted model, diastolic diameter was associated with log-WMHV (β=0.10, p=0.001). In a stratified multivariable linear model, greater carotid arterial stiffness and diastolic diameter were associated with log-WMHV among Hispanics (β=0.15, p=0.005 and β=0.13, p<0.001, respectively), but not among blacks or whites.
Conclusion: Greater carotid stiffness and diastolic diameter were associated with greater WMHV independent of demographics and traditional vascular risk factors, especially among Hispanics. Further studies are needed to understand how these large artery characteristics relate to WMH formation and lesion load. Carotid ultrasound may be a useful tool to assess the risk of increased brain white matter disease in a pre-clinical stage.
Author Disclosures: M.S. Markert: None. C. Dong: None. D. Della-Morte: None. E. Roberts: None. S. Bartels: None. M.S.V. Elkind: None. R.L. Sacco: None. C.B. Wright: None. T. Rundek: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.