Abstract W P11: A Clinical Scale to Predict Futile Arterial Recanalization in Acute Stroke Patients with Anterior Circulation Arterial Occlusion Treated with Endovascular Therapies.
Introduction: Futile arterial recanalization (FAR), considered as a lack of functional recovery despite complete recanalization, is observed in up to 30-50% of acute stroke patients treated with endovascular therapy. We aimed to develop a prognostic scale based on baseline clinical and radiological factors to predict FAR.
Methods: Prospective analysis of consecutive stroke patients with anterior circulation occlusion treated with endovascular therapy (97% mechanical thrombectomy with stent-retrievers). Complete recanalization was considered as a TICI 2b-3. FAR was defined as a modified Rankin scale >2 at 90 days in patients with complete recanalization. Baseline factors associated with FAR were detected on univariate analysis and were used to compose the predictive scale.
Results: From a total of 229 patients with anterior arterial occlusion, 166 (72.5%) achieved complete recanalization. FAR was observed in 80/166 (48.2%). Factors significantly associated with FAR were included to compose the predictive scale as follow: Age (scoring 0 if ≤70 and 1 if >70 years old), history of diabetes mellitus (0 if absent, 1 if present), history of hypertension (0 if absent, 1 if present), NIHSS (1 if NIHSS ≤10, 2 if NIHSS 10-19, 3 if NIHSS>19), ASPECTS (1 if ASPECTS 9-10, 2 if ASPECTS 7-8, 3 if ASPECTS<7) and i.v tPA use (0 if yes, 1 if not). The higher the scale score, the higher the risk of FAR (Figure). The scale showed a good predictive value of FAR (c-statistics 0.71). A scale score <5 was associated with a low rate of FAR (25%) whereas a score >7 increased FAR up to 86%.
Conclusion: We developed a simple scale that can easily predict futile arterial recanalization (FAR) in stroke patients with large arterial occlusion treated with endovascular therapies. A larger validation study is necessary to confirm the utility of this predictive scale.
Author Disclosures: N. Perez de la Ossa: None. M. Hernández-Pérez: None. M. Millán: None. M. Gomis: None. E. López-Cancio: None. L. Dorado: None. P. García-Bermejo: None. C. Castaño: None. A. Dávalos: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.