Abstract W P177: Direct to CT: Overcoming Barriers to Reduce Door to Needle times in Acute Stroke Patients
Background: Taking acute stroke patients direct from triage to the CT scanner can reduce thrombolysis treatment times, which can improve patient outcomes. In May 2013, Box Hill Hospital introduced a Direct to CT policy for acute stroke patients who are called through as a Code Stroke by the ambulance service within business hours (8am-4.30pm) Monday to Friday.
Method: We performed a prospective study comparing door-to-CT times (DTCT) and door-to-needle (DTN) times pre- and post-implementation of Direct to CT, and examined patient characteristics, Emergency Department (ED) presentation time, adverse effects, protocol violations and patient outcomes. Delays in treatment, enablers and barriers to treatment were also examined.
Results: There was no statistical difference in demographics or clinical factors in patients who presented pre- (January-April, n=21) or post- Direct to CT (May-July, n=29). However, a reduction in median DTCT times (27 mins vs. 16 mins, p=0.01) and DTN times (97 mins vs. 52 mins, p<0.001) was seen. There was no increase in thrombolysed mimics (4.8% vs. 3.4%, p=0.82), protocol violations (9.5% vs. 0%, p=0.17) or adverse outcomes (33% vs. 35%, p=0.93) in patients taken Direct to CT. There was no difference in patient outcomes, however the current study size is small. Numerous barriers to Direct to CT were identified within four categories: pre-hospital, ED, CT and the stroke team, and issues included: lack of paramedic intravenous cannulation, ED resources, and stroke team indecisions; some of which are ongoing and are taking considerable time and efforts to overcome.
Conclusions: Taking patients Direct to CT has significantly reduced time to treatment and further improvements may be achieved through resolution of identified barriers.
Author Disclosures: S. Coote: None. T. Frost: None. S. Singhal: None. C. Bladin: None. A. Gilligan: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.