Abstract W P199: Deficiency of Glia Maturation Factor Abrogates Brain Injury and Inflammation in a Murine Model of Stroke
Background and purpose: Glia maturation factor (GMF), a brain specific protein, discovered and characterized in our laboratory, induces expression of proinflammatory cytokines/ chemokines in the central nervous system (CNS). Recently, it has been demonstrated that deficiency of GMF mitigates neuronal damage in tissue culture cell and animal models of neurodegeneration. Since, GMF expression in brain enhances inflammation; we tested the hypothesis that deficiency of GMF abrogates the inflammatory responses in experimental model of ischemic stroke.
Methods: Transient focal cerebral ischemia was induced by 1 hour of occlusion of the right middle cerebral artery (MCAO) with a 7.0 monofilament in GMF-containing wild type (Wt) and GMF-deficient (GMF-KO) mice. Mice were anesthetized with 1-1.5% isoflurane mixed with medical oxygen. Body temperature was maintained at 37°C ± 1.0 using a heating pad. At 23 hours after ischemia/reperfusion, mice were tested for neurological scores and were sacrificed for the infarct volume and estimation of inflammatory responses. Immunohistochemistry and western blots were used to analyze the expression and activation of glial cells, and levels of NF-κB in ischemic brain hemisphere.
Results: We found that levels of GMF significantly increased in MCAO mice compared to saline treated control mice. Next we found that GMF-KO mice exhibited significantly decreased infarct volume, and reduced neurological deficits compared to Wt mice. The decrease in infarct volume and neurological deficits in GMF-KO mice were correlated with a less activation of glia cells, downregulation of NF-κB and suppression of proinflammatory cytokines/chemokine in the ischemic region.
Conclusions: In conclusion, present study provides the first evidence that deficiency of GMF reduces brain injury and inflammation after ischemic stroke and suggests that the effective suppression of endogenous GMF-function will prove to be an effective and selective strategy to slow deleterious inflammatory processes in ischemic brain injury.
Keywords: Glia maturation factor; Ischemic stroke; Inflammation; Nuclear factor-κB; Cytokines
Author Disclosures: M.M. Khan: None. A. Zaheer: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.