Abstract W P211: Investigating the Cause for “Collateral Failure” in Stroke-in-Progression: Intracranial Pressure Elevation Reduces Flow Through Collateral Vessels
Background: Adequacy of the collateral circulation is a major determinant of outcome in stroke patients. Recent human imaging data indicates that collateral failure, rather than reperfusion-reocclusion is the most common cause for early progression in minor stroke. Our previous experimental data shows that intracranial pressure (ICP) rises transiently 24 h after even minor stroke. Herein, we investigated the effect of ICP manipulation on blood flow through collateral vessels during MCA occlusion.
Methods: We developed and validated a method to quantify flow velocity and vessel diameter of anterior-middle cerebral artery (ACA-MCA) leptomeningeal collaterals in rats during stroke, using fluorescent microspheres. BIood flow velocity and diameter was quantified in individual collateral vessels and used to calculate absolute flow during MCA occlusion and reperfusion (n = 6). In separate experiments, ICP was increased after MCA occlusion by fluid infusion into the lateral ventricles and effects on relative collateral flow were determined (n = 4).
Results: In vitro validation indicated accurate flow quantification (R2 = 0.99, P<0.0001). Collateral flow was seen to switch from bidirectional to unidirectional flow (toward occluded vessel) and increase by 595 ± 134 % within 10 min of vessel occlusion. Direction and flow changes were variable after MCA reperfusion, however there was a mean flow reduction of 52 ± 15 % by 5 mins. Artificially elevating ICP during MCA occlusion caused a reduction of cerebral perfusion pressure which was strongly correlated with collateral flow reduction (R2 = 0.90, p<0.0001).
Discussion: Our method permits real time quantification of flow through individual collateral vessels during stroke and reperfusion. Intracranial pressure elevation reduced collateral flow, proportional to its effect on cerebral perfusion pressure. Coupled with our previous data indicating significant ICP elevation after even minor stroke, this suggests that transient ICP elevation is the possible cause of the collateral failure recently described in patients with stroke-in-progression.
Author Disclosures: D. Beard: None. D. McLeod: None. N.J. Spratt: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.