Abstract W P311: Demographic and Regional Characteristics Associated With Advanced Primary Stroke Center Designation
Background: Nationwide less than a third of eligible hospitals have achieved advanced certification in stroke, and there may be disparities affecting less affluent areas serving a higher proportion of minorities. We aimed to characterize demographic and regional factors associated with achievement of stroke center certification while controlling for hospital characteristics.
Methods: We linked the 2011 American Hospital Association survey of hospital characteristics to the 2010 national census for population and household data by region. Emergency medical services stroke routing data was obtained from communication with state and county contact. Only hospitals with ≥ 25 beds and 24-hour emergency departments were evaluated. The Joint Commission, Healthcare Facilities Accreditation Program and DNV Healthcare websites were used to determine certification status of each hospital. We controlled for hospital bed size, teaching affiliation (AMA, ACGME), emergency department volume, rural designation, hospital type (governmental/for-profit/nonprofit), and trauma center designation in analysis.
Results: Of the 3696 hospitals to complete the survey, the 3069 fulfilling study criteria included 908 PSC (31%) and 2161 non-PSC. In univariate analysis PSC hospitals were located in areas with greater population in immediate vicinity (29, 316 vs. 20,901, p<0.0001), greater proportion of minorities (73% white, 16% black, 15% Hispanic vs. 80%/12%/11%, p<0.0001), greater number of households per zip code (11,540 vs. 8050, p<0.0001) and a higher regional mean income ($52,112 vs. $46,262, p<0.0001) and higher home value ($234,000 vs. $170,000, p<0.0001). More PSC hospitals were located in regions with preferential EMS routing of stroke (52% vs. 40%). While controlling for hospital-based factors, the demographic and regional factors independently associated with hospital PSC designation were number of households per zip code (per 1000 households OR 1.1, 95%CI 1.0-1.2), increasing Hispanic population (every 10% increase OR 1.1, 1.0-1.2), and income per household (per $10,000 OR 1.2, 1.1-1.3).
Conclusions: Hospitals achieving PSC designation are located in more affluent and densely populated areas with higher population of Hispanic residents.
Author Disclosures: C. McDonald: None. S. Cen: None. L. Ramirez: None. W.J. Mack: None. N. Sanossian: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, Western States - Alaska, Arizona, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.