Abstract W P315: Cardio-Respiratory Arrest in Stroke (CAIS Study): Predisposing Factors, Clinical Features, Outcomes, and Process Measures
Objectives: Limited information is available on the prevalence of cardiorespiratory arrest (CA) and its predisposing factors in patients with acute ischemic stroke. We analyzed/evaluated clinical characteristics, risk factors, access to care, and survival in stroke patients who developed a cardiac arrest.
Methods: This is a multicenter cohort study including consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to regional stroke centers participating in the Registry of the Canadian Stroke Network from July 2003 to March 2008. Patients with DNR order on admission were excluded. CA was defined as cardiac or respiratory arrest within 30 days of admission documented by a physician and identified from resuscitation records. The main outcome measures were the 30-day and 1-year survival among patients with CA vs. no CA. We also assessed the association between medical complications during hospitalization and CA.
Results: Overall, 9,019 patients with acute ischemic stroke were included. Cardiac arrest was observed in 352 patients (3.9%). In patients with CA, 30-day survival (17.9% vs. 90.7%, P<0.001) and 1-year survival (4.5% vs. 80.1, p<0.001) were significantly lower. Less than 1% of stroke patients with CA were discharged home (vs. 47.3%; p<0.0001). Other outcome measures are summarized in Table 1. On multivariable analyses, older age, more severe stroke, previous history of myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation, and diabetes were associated with CA.
Conclusions: Cardiac arrest affects less than 5% of patients admitted with an acute ischemic stroke and is associated with poor outcomes. Less than 1% of patients were independent or discharged home.
Author Disclosures: D. Nikneshan: None. A. Rabinstein: None. R. Holloway: None. J. Tu: None. J. Fang: None. G. Saposnik: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.