Abstract W P340: Effects of Stroke Enlightenment on Guardians by Educating Junior High Students: the Tochigi Project
Background and Purpose: School-based interventions of stroke enlightenment are not only beneficial for students but also expected to deliver stroke message effectively to their parents. We produced stroke teaching materials using FAST mnemonic. The aim of this study is to verify the effectiveness of stroke education project (the Tochigi project) for delivering stroke message to their parents through their children, using our teaching materials of stroke enlightenment.
Methods: Subjects were guardians of 1,125 students (13-15 y.o.) in 9 public junior high schools in Tochigi prefecture, Japan. All students received a 20-minute stroke lesson by their teacher using the FAST mnemonic, and then watched a 10-minute animated cartoon and read the comic book. At the close of the lesson, the teacher asked the students to take back the comic book and talk about stroke with their guardians while showing the comic book. Questionnaires on stroke knowledge were examined for all the guardians before and immediately after the conversation about stroke with their children.
Results: There were 915 guardians (81.3%, 94%; parents) participated in the present study. Correct answer rates for the questions of headache (81.1 vs. 72.8%, p<0.0001) and hemi-sensory disturbance (69.3 vs. 72.5%, p=0.14) after the conversation were not improved compared with those before. Frequencies of correct answers increased for the other questionnaires of symptoms and risk factors except hypertension after the conversation. The rate of correct answer for hypertension was high before and after the conversation (91.0 vs. 91.7%). The number of the guardians with correct answer for the meaning of the “FAST” mnemonic was as same as that of students (92.7 vs. 91.0%).
Conclusions: Our teaching materials of stroke enlightenment for junior high school students would be promising means of delivering the stroke message effectively to their guardians.
Author Disclosures: The Disclosure Block has exceeded its maximum limit. Please call Tech support at (217) 398-1792 for more information.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.