Abstract W P345: Increased Risk of Gastrointestinal Bleeding Associated With Antiplatelet Therapy in Patients With Cerebral Small Vessel Disease
Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a major complication of aniplatelets in patients with stroke. Although underlying gastrointestinal disease is an important factor for increased bleeding risk, the presence of cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) may also be a factor because it may indicate systemic small vessel pathologies. We assessed the association of cerebral SVD and GI bleeding in patients who are under treatment with antiplatelets for secondary stroke prevention.
Methods: We compared stroke patients who visited our clinic between May 2007 and May 2013 who developed GI bleeding while receiving antiplatelets with age and sex matched patients who did not. Control subjects were randomly selected among those who were visited out-patients clinic on the same day as the study subjects. Patients who received anticoagulants were excluded. MRIs were evaluated for the presence of white matter changes (Fazeka scale) and microbleeds.
Results: During the study period, 47 patients in the bleeding group and 94 patients in the control group were enrolled. No differences were found in baseline characteristics between the two groups including stroke subtypes and the number of antiplatelets (mono vs dual therapy). The prevalence of SVD (microbleeds or white matter hyperintensities) (p = 0.004), white matter hyperintensities (p = 0.008), but not microbleeds alone (p = 0.221), were significantly higher in the bleeding group. Multivariate analysis showed that the presence of SVD was independently associated with increased GI bleeding risk (OR 3.3, 95% confidence interval 1.5-7.3).
Conclusions: Our data show the presence of cerebral SVD is a marker for increased GI bleeding risk in patients receiving antiplatelets in stroke patients, perhaps related with systemic small vessel pathology in this group of patients. Physicians may have to consider this association when antiplatelets are used for the secondary prevention of stroke.
Author Disclosures: S. Noh: None. J. Kim: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.