Abstract W P356: The Effectiveness of the Stroke Educational Activities for Junior High School Students: The Tochigi Project
Background and Purpose: Bringing stroke lessons into the compulsory education is promising for spreading of stroke knowledge nationwide. We produced stroke teaching materials using the FAST mnemonic. The aim of this study is to verify the effectiveness of a stroke education project using our teaching materials for stroke enlightenment, the Tochigi project.
Methods: The subjects were 10,227 students of the 1st to 3rd grade (13-15 y.o.) in 53 public junior high schools in Tochigi prefecture, Japan. They were divided into 2 groups; 1,127 students in 9 schools received a 20-minute stroke lesson by their teachers and then watched our 10-minute animated cartoon and read our comic book for 10 minutes (group [[Unable to Display Character: І]]). The remaining 9,100 students in 44 schools had no teacher's lesson, but watched the animated cartoon and read the comic book (group II). Questionnaires on stroke knowledge were examined for all the students at baseline and immediately after the intervention.
Results: The numbers of questionnaires collected at immediately after the intervention were 1,125 (99.8%) in the group I, and 9,067 (99.6%) in the group II, respectively. In the group I, frequencies of the correct answers increased for all questionnaires except for headache (68.3 vs. 68.0%, p=0.87) as a symptom after the intervention. In the group II, the correct answer rates decreased for the questions of headache (70.9 vs. 32.5%, P<0.0001) and hemi-sensory disturbance (58.1 vs. 56.5%, P<0.05) and increased significantly for those of the other symptoms after the intervention. The correct answer rates increased significantly for questions except for arrhythmia (47.6 vs. 40.6%, P<0.0001) as risk factors after the intervention. Ninety-one % of students understood correctly the “FAST” mnemonic immediately after the intervention in the group I, being higher than the rate of 76% in the group II (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Our teaching materials of stroke enlightenment would be promising for conducting the FAST message to junior high school students.
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- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.