Abstract W P86: Photo-stimulation of the Striatum Promotes Functional Recovery and Neurogenesis after Focal Ischemic Stroke
Introduction and Purpose: The striatum region of the brain supports self-repair process after experimental cerebral ischemia. Optogenetics is a temporally and spatially precise method to manipulate targeted neuronal populations. We tested whether optogenetic technique can be translated into stroke treatment by photo-stimulation of the striatum after focal cerebral ischemia.
Methods: Adult male channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) transgenic mice were utilized, taking the advantage of that the cation channel ChR2 is abundantly expressed in the striatum. Before stroke, mice were trained 5 times per day for 3 days with a modified adhesive removal test. Mice were then subjected to the ischemic insult targeting the right sensorimotor (barrel) cortex. Four days after stroke, optical fibers were implanted into the striatum and fixed with a cannula on the skull. In control group, stoke mice received optical fiber implantation but without photo-stimulation. In treatment group, daily photo-stimulation pulses (473 nm blue laser) were started at 5 days after stroke and sustained for 8 days. The adhesive removal test on forepaws was performed 3, 10, 17, 24, and 31 days after stroke.
Results: The impaired forepaw sensorimotor function in these two groups progressively recovered over the timeline. Stroke mice treated with photo-stimulation showed significantly better recovery assessed 31 days after stroke compared to stroke control. Our study also shows that the activity of neurogenesis in the brain was augmented by photo-stimulation, which may be responsible for enhanced functional recovery.
Conclusions: Optogenetic stimulation of the striatum promotes functional recovery and neurogenesis after focal ischemic stroke.
Author Disclosures: M. Song: None. O. Mohamad: None. X. Gu: None. S. Wei: None. L. Wei: None. S. Yu: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, Greater Southeast Affiliate – Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Puerto Rico, Tennessee, U.S. Virgin Islands.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.