Abstract 136: Prediction of Postoperative Hyperperfusion by Intraoperative Assessment of Indocyanine Green Videoangiography in Moyamoya Disease
Background: Postoperative hyperperfusion is a potential complication of the direct bypass procedure for moyamoya disease (MMD). However, no reliable modality is available yet for the prediction of postoperative hyperperfusion during surgery for MMD. This study aimed to investigate whether semiquantitative analysis of indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography could contribute to the prediction of postoperative hyperperfusion in MMD.
Methods: This study included 12 hemispheres from 10 patients who underwent surgical revascularization for MMD. Intraoperative ICG videoangiography was performed before and after a direct bypass procedure. The ICG intensity-time curves were semiquantitatively analyzed to evaluate cortical perfusion by calculating the blood flow index (BFI). Using single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), postoperative cerebral blood flow measurements were performed thrice: immediately and 2 and 7 days after surgery.
Results: BFI significantly increased from 21.3 ± 10.5 to 38.4 ± 20.0 after bypass procedures in all the hemispheres (p < 0.01). The ratio of BFI before and after the bypass procedure was 2.4 ± 2.0, ranging from 0.5 to 8.0. Postoperative hyperperfusion was observed in 9 of the 12 operated hemispheres within 7 days after surgery. Of these, 3 hemispheres developed hyperperfusion immediately after surgery. In the adult cases, the increase in the ratio of BFI after bypass was significantly greater in those who developed hyperperfusion immediately after surgery than in those who did not (6.5 ± 0.5 vs. 1.8 ± 2.1, p < 0.01). In contrast, no significant increase in BFI was observed in the pediatric MMD patients who experienced immediate hyperperfusion. No correlation between the changes in BFI and the occurrence of delayed hyperperfusion was observed.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that semiquantitative analysis of BFI by intraoperative ICG videoangiography is useful in evaluating changes in cortical perfusion after bypass procedures for MMD and can predict the occurrence of early-onset hyperperfusion in MMD patients after direct bypass.
Author Disclosures: H. Uchino: None. M. Ito: None. K. Kazumata: None. N. Nakayama: None. S. Kuroda: None. K. Houkin: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.