Abstract 215: Efficacy and Safety of Novel Oral Anticoagulants (NOACs) in Asian population with Non-Valvular Atrial Fibrillation (NVAF) - A Meta-Analysis
Background and purpose: Asians have higher risk of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) compared to non-Asians. Although recent clinical trials have shown non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) were favorable in preventing ICH as well as thrombotic events among patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF), it is unclear whether the efficacy and safety of NOACs are consistent among Asians. The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of NOACs in Asians with NVAF.
Methods: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central, Web of Science, the Western Pacific Index Medicus, Clinicaltrials.Gov and supplemented with conference abstracts were searched up to June 2014. Phase III randomized control trials that reported efficacy and safety of NOACs vs. warfarin in Asians and non-Asians with NVAF were identified. Each study was reviewed by two reviewers and differences were resolved by consensus. The end points analyzed were all stroke or systemic embolism, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, major or clinically relevant non major bleeding events (CRNM), and ICH. The hazard ratio (HR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) of each endpoint in NOACs compared to warfarin was extracted separately among Asians and non-Asians. Random-effects models were used to calculate pooled HR and 95% CI.
Results: 5 eligible studies were identified. Total of 8928 Asians and 64023 non-Asians were included. All stroke or systemic embolism were significantly reduced with NOACs in Asians (HR: 0.72 [95% CI: 0.59-0.88], p=0.002) but not in non-Asians (HR: 0.82 [0.66-1.01], p=0.097). The risk of ischemic stroke was not decreased in Asians (HR: 0.88 [0.64-1.21], p=0.43) or non-Asians (HR: 0.98 [0.80-1.12], p=0.73), whereas the risk of hemorrhagic stroke was significantly decreased in both groups (HR: 0.28 [0.17-0.47], p<0.001 for Asians, HR: 0.37 [0.24-0.55], p<0.001, respectively). The risk of major bleeding or CRNM was significantly reduced in Asians (HR: 0.68 [0.56-0.83], p<0.001) but not in non-Asians (HR: 0.78 [0.60-1.0], p=0.21). The risk of ICH was significantly decreased in both groups (HR: 0.30 [0.21-0.42], p<0.001, HR: 0.41 [0.34-0.48], p<0.001, respectively).
Conclusions: The efficacy and safety of NOACs in Asians with NVAF is consistent with the overall results.
Author Disclosures: M. Fukuda: None. D.E. Singer: Research Grant; Significant; Johnson and Johnson, Bristol-Myers Squibb. Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Boehringer Ingelheim, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Daiichi Sankyo, Johnson and Johnson. P.A. Bain: None. S. Sato: None. D. Kobayashi: None. Y. Doi: None. K. Toyoda: Speakers' Bureau; Modest; Boehringer-Ingelheim, Bayer, Bristol-Myers Squibb.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.