Abstract 68: Palliative Care Is Underutilized in Patients with Severe Intracerebral Hemorrhage
Background and Purpose: Palliative care is an essential part of ICH care, particularly in patients with high ICH scores given their poor prognosis. Palliative care involves consultation by the Palliative Care Service and includes de-escalation of care, changing code status, and making pain and symptom relief the central goal of management.
Methods: We performed a retrospective review of consecutive patients presenting to our tertiary care center from 2008-2013 with primary ICH. Demographic and clinical data were collected. Our sample included only patients who died or were transferred to hospice. We examined the proportion of patients that received an inpatient palliative care consult and compared this group to patients who did not receive an inpatient palliative care consult. Patients were categorized by ICH score.
Results: Of the 99 ICH patients who died or were discharged to hospice, only 23% received a palliative care consult. Figure 1 displays death, predicted death, and palliative care consult proportions by ICH score. Patients that received a Palliative Care consult were older (mean age 65 vs. 73, p=0.018) and more frequently had evidence of infection (32% vs. 13%, p=0.038); no other significant differences were found between groups.
Conclusions: In our sample of ICH patients, 23% of patients received a palliative care consult. In those with high ICH scores utilization was only 28%, despite 30 day expected mortality of 97% or greater. This raises concern that palliative care may be underutilized in patients who may benefit from it the most.
Author Disclosures: A. Sisson: None. K.C. Albright: None. M. Peck: None. L.M. Nguyen: None. M. Lyerly: None. K.A. Sands: None. A.K. Boehme: None. M. Harrigan: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.