Abstract 71: Endothelium-specific Deficiency of PPARδ Selectively Decreases Level of sAPPα in Hippocampus
We tested the hypothesis that endothelial PPARδ plays an important role in the protection of neurovascular unit. Cerebral microvessels were isolated from mice with endothelium-specific deficiency of PPARδ (ePPARδ-/-) and littermate wild type (WT) mice. After ex vivo incubation of cerebral microvessels for 24 h, supernatant was collected and levels of soluble amyloid precursor protein α [sAPPα, a product of non-amyloidogenic processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP)] were measured using an ELISA kit. The production of sAPPα in cerebral microvessels of ePPARδ-/- mice was reduced by 54%, as compared to WT mice (n=6-7, P<0.05). Western blot analysis demonstrated that microvascular expression of ADAM10 was reduced in ePPARδ-/- mice (80%) (n=18, P<0.05), while ADAM17 protein level was increased in by 132% (n=4, P<0.05), as compared to WT mice. Protein expressions of APP, ADAM9, and BACE1 were not significantly different between cerebral microvessels derived from ePPARδ-/- mice and WT mice. Real-time RT-PCR demonstrated that in brain microvessels of ePPARδ-/- mice mRNA levels of ADAM10 were also decreased by 56% (n=5, P<0.05). Furthermore, Western blot analysis of the brain regions showed that sAPPα content was selectively reduced in hippocampus of ePPARδ-/- mice by 80% (n=11, P<0.05). This was associated with significantly reduced expression of ADAM10 in the hippocampus (n=11, P<0.05). In contrast, protein levels of ADAM10, and sAPPα were not altered in cortex and cerebellum of ePPARδ-/- mice. In addition, we did not detect any changes in Aβ40 and Aβ42 levels (measured using ELISA assay) in all three examined brain regions. Since sAPPα is a potent neurotrophic and neuro-protective molecule, our results suggest that loss of endothelial PPARδ may selectively increase vulnerability of hippocampus. This mechanism may contribute to susceptibility of hippocampus to injury during initiation and progression of neuro-degenerative diseases.
Author Disclosures: T. He: None. T. Lu: None. A.V.R. Santhanam: None. Z.S. Katusic: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, Midwest Affiliate – Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.