Abstract NS14: Assessing Effects of Stroke Support Groups on Social Integration in Acute Stroke Patients
Background and Purpose: Stroke survivors need social support after a stroke since social support networks can influence the ability of the stroke survivor to return to their community in a functioning social role. The objective of this study was to determine if stroke survivors who attend a stroke support group reenter into community interaction/socialization sooner than those stroke survivors that do not attend a stroke support group.
Methods: A non-experimental cross-sectional design using a purposeful sample was used. Using two survey instruments: a researcher developed demographic survey and the Subjective Index of Physical and Social Outcomes [SIPSO] tool, data was collected from 105 participants who were at least 3 months post stroke. At the end of the 30-day return period nonparametric statistics were used to evaluate the hypotheses that stroke survivors who attend a stroke support group will reenter into community interaction/socialization sooner that those stroke survivors that do not attend a stroke support group.
Results: A statistically significant difference was found for participants who attend support groups as to those participants who do not attend support groups (p value < 0.001) and the SIPSO social subscale total. The results of the two factor analysis of variance showed attendance is the only significant factor (F=48.839, df=1,94, P<0.001). Neither gender nor the interaction between gender and attendance were significant (P=.749 and P=.879, respectively).
Conclusions: Health disparities, such as stroke, leave devastating effects on individuals and their ability to return to society in a functioning capacity. This study demonstrated that stroke support groups were related to the stroke survivor’s resocialization outcomes. This suggests that stroke support groups can positively impact social functioning and reintegration into the community after a stroke. The potential of stroke support groups should be further studied for their impact on overall social functioning and quality of life in stroke survivors.
Author Disclosures: T.S. White: None. P. Schweickert: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.