Abstract NS15: Adult Daughters’ Problems in Caring for Parents
Background: Women provide most of the unpaid care to family members. Transitioning from the role of adult daughter to caregiver can be very stressful and unsettling.
Purpose: Guided by Friedemann’s framework of systemic organization, the purpose of this descriptive secondary data analysis was to examine problems reported by adult daughters in the first year of caring for a parent with a stroke. Problems in caring can lead to poor health/incongruence.
Method: An IRB approved randomized controlled trial conducted with 73 adult caregivers in Ohio and Michigan examined the experience of caring for someone with stroke. Open-ended questions were included in bimonthly telephone interviews asking caregivers to recall their problems in caring over the past two weeks. For this secondary data analysis, problems reported by only the adult daughters (n=13) were analyzed during two time periods (0-6 and 7-12 months) using Colaizzi’s rigorous method of content analysis.
Results: The first theme of witnessing a parent’s condition centered on the adult daughter recognizing changes in their parents’ health condition and behavior (Friedemann’s process dimension of system maintenance). This theme was consistently apparent throughout 12-months of caring. The second theme, balancing the challenges of the caregiver role, dealt with the struggles and adaption necessary for her new lifestyle of a caregiver (system maintenance and individuation).This theme was noticeable throughout the entire year, but more evident in the second 6-months. The final theme, feeling physically, emotionally, and mentally drained, involved problems associated with the overall exhaustion experienced by adult daughters (system maintenance). This theme was seen throughout the 1-year period, but more visible in the first 6-months of caring.
Conclusions: The findings provide specific, theory-based themes of the adult daughters’ problems during that year of caring that could lead to incongruence in their lives. The information gleaned may offer nurses and other healthcare providers a clearer picture of the problems these daughters experience, leading to more targeted interventions, increased support, and ultimately improved overall health/congruence for daughters.
Author Disclosures: L.L. Pierce: None. L. Sommer: None. C. Gies: None. V. Steiner: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.