Abstract T MP4: Quality of CT Perfusion Imaging Thresholds for Infarct and Penumbra in the Acute Ischemic Stroke Setting: An Updated Systematic Review
Background: CT Perfusion (CTP) may inform treatment decisions in acute ischemic stroke (AIS). We sought to determine extent of variability with CTP thresholds for infarct core and penumbra and reasons for such variability using an up-to-date systematic review.
Methods: Search strategy combined the themes of AIS, perfusion imaging, and CT/MRI. Two independent reviewers screened at all levels; disagreements were settled through consensus. Inclusion criteria were CTP within 24hrs of stroke onset and reported perfusion thresholds for infarct core, penumbra, and/or normal/not at risk tissue for mixed grey/white matter. Study demographics, QUADAS assessment of quality, and mean thresholds of cerebral blood volume (CBV), cerebral blood flow (CBF), mean transit time (MTT), relative CBV (rCBV), relative CBF (rCBF), and relative MTT (rMTT) were collected. Thresholds were reported as median mean threshold (interquartile range).
Results: The search resulted in a total of 11919 abstracts from EMBASE and MEDLINE. Of these, 711 studies were identified for full-text review, 134 met all eligibility criteria. 29 studies provided thresholds for CTP and were included in the review. For CBF, median mean threshold was 8.64 (7.94-13.92) ml/min/100g for core, 19.1 (17.1-31.9) ml/min/100g for penumbra and 47.4 (35.6-59.1) ml/min/100g for normal/not at risk tissue. For CBV, median mean threshold was 1.0 (0.68-1.88) ml/100g for core, 2.45 (2.0-3.0) ml/100g for penumbra, and 2.65 (2.0-3.3) ml/100g for normal/not at risk tissue. For MTT median mean threshold was 15.6 (15.3-17.7) seconds for core, 10.5 (7.1-46.2) seconds for penumbra, and 3.9 (3.65-4.15) seconds for normal/not at risk tissue. Median mean threshold for rCBF was 29% (22.5%-35.5%) for core. Sufficient TTP and Tmax data were not reported. Overall, quality was highly variable according QUADAS ranging from 20.7% to 93.1% across the 14 variables.
Conclusions: Due to heterogeneity of vendor CTP algorithms, follow-up imaging to define infarct core (NCCT, DWI), unknown recanalization times/reperfusion status and differing onset to CT times, CTP thresholds for infarct core and penumbra are highly variable. As such, a single best threshold for core could not be derived from literature.
Author Disclosures: C. d'Esterre: None. J. Dykeman: None. M. Al-mekhlafi: None. P. Cimflova: None. S. Patil: None. D. Singh: None. P. Choi: None. B. Menon: None. M. Goyal: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.