Abstract T MP60: Impact of Aortic Arch Atheroma for Stroke Recurrence in Patients With or Without Atrial Fibrillation
Background & Purpose: In patients with embolic stroke of undetermined source, aortic arch atheroma evaluated using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a possible embolic source. We investigated the impact of embolic sources including aortic arch atheroma for a stroke recurrences and death.
Methods: Among the consecutive 1545 acute stroke patients, 542 patients who were admitted within 24 hours after the symptom onset, with ischemic lesions in the cortex or cerebellum on the diffusion-weighted image, NIH stroke scale of 7 or less, and prior modified Rankin scale (mRS) of 0 or 1 were included in the present study. All 542 patients underwent TEE to search for embolic sources. According to the categories of embolic sources, patients were classified into 4 groups: patients with severe aortic arch atheroma of 4mm or more in diameter (group A; n=167), patients with cardiogenic embolic sources such as atrial fibrillation or intracardiac thrombus (group C; n=93), patients with both factors as described above (group B; n=88), and other patients (group O; n=194). We followed them up for average period of 3.2 years, and investigated the frequency of stroke recurrences and death from any cause according to embolic sources.
Results: Stroke recurrences were observed in 12.0% patients in group A, 11.8% patients in group C, 18.2% patients in group B, and 6.7% patients in group O respectively (p=0.0371). Stroke recurrences and death from any cause occurred in 14.4%, 15.1%, 21.6% and 6.7% patients respectively (p=0.0041). Kaplan-Meier curve analysis revealed a significant difference in the recurrence-free survival among the four groups (p=0.0076, log-rank test). Stroke recurrence was more frequent in group B than group C patients especially in the early phase from the onset. On COX proportional-hazards model analysis and diabetes mellitus (HR 1.73, p=0.0264) and aortic arch atheroma of 4mm or more (HR 1.86, p=0.0146) were significant predictors for stroke recurrences and death from any cause.
Conclusions: Severe aortic arch atheroma can independently be associated with stroke recurrences and death, furthermore, a combination of aortic arch atheroma and cardiogenic embolic sources showed more frequent events than each of them alone.
Author Disclosures: S. Fujimoto: None. M. Osaki: None. M. Kumamoto: None. M. Kanazawa: None. N. Tagawa: None. T. Ishitsuka: None. T. Kitazono: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.