Abstract T MP86: A Prospective Study of the Effect of Dehydration on Stroke Severity and Short Term Outcome
Background: Many ischemic stroke patients present to the hospital in a state of dehydration. We hypothesized that patients who were dehydrated at the time of acute stroke would have more severe stroke and worse short term outcomes.
Methods: We enrolled consecutive ischemic stroke patients within 12 hours from their last normal neurological exam at a single academic health system. Patients with renal failure or who were unable to undergo MRI were excluded. Surrogate markers for dehydration were defined as BUN/Creatinine ratio >15 and urine specific gravity >1.010. Stroke severity was determined based on clinical examination (NIHSS score) and lesion volume measured on diffusion weighted MRI. The primary outcome of interest was change in NIHSS from admission to discharge.
Results: We surveyed 383 ischemic stroke admissions to our comprehensive stroke center. Of these, 168 met inclusion criteria with 126/168 (75%) having complete laboratory and MRI data. 44% of our patients were dehydrated at the time of admission, with no difference in demographics between the dehydrated and hydrated groups. Baseline NIHSS (6.7 vs 7.3; p=0.63) and lesion volumes (12 vs 16; p=0.48) were similar in the two groups. 42% of dehydrated patients were in the worst short term quartile of NIHSS change, as compared with 17% of the hydrated group (p=0.02). Dehydration remained a significant predictor of having the worst NIHSS change, after adjustment for age, initial NIHSS, lesion volume, and admission glucose (OR=4.34, 95% CI 1.75-10.76).
Conclusions: Nearly half of acute stroke patients admitted to the hospital are dehydrated by surrogate laboratory markers. Acute stroke patients with markers of dehydration demonstrate greater worsening in NIHSS scores as compared with hydrated patients, independent of infarct size. Results suggest an opportunity for an inexpensive and globally available treatment to optimize functional outcomes of the stroke patient.
Author Disclosures: M.N. Bahouth: None. A. Hillis: None. R. Gottesman: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.