Abstract T P10: Therapeutic Time Window for Endovascular Therapy of Acute Ischemic Stroke Depends on THRIVE Score: A Retrospective Single-center Study
Background and purpose: The outcome after endovascular therapy in acute ischemic stroke is associated with onset-to-reperfusion time (ORT). The Totaled Health Risks in Vascular Events (THRIVE) score is also an important pre-thrapeutic predictor of outcome. We hypothesized that the therapeutic time window is narrower in patients with the higher THRIVE score.
Methods: We retrospectively studied consecutive 109 ischemic stroke patients with successful reperfusion after endovascular therapy between October 2005 and March 2014 at a single institute (Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital). Inclusion criteria was as follows: National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score ≥8, stroke symptom duration ≤8 h, premorbid modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score ≤2, and thrombolysis myocardial infarction score 2-3. We analyzed the relationships of ORT, THRIVE score, and THRIVE+ORT score with good outcome (mRS ≤2 at 3 months). The THRIVE+ORT score was defined as the sum of the THRIVE score and ORT (h).
Results: Median ORT was 5.5 h (IQR; 4.4-7.1 h), median THRIVE score was 5 (IQR; 4-6), and median THRIVE+ORT score was 10.8 (IQR; 9.2-12.5). Good outcome rates for patients with ORT ≤4 h, >4 and ≤6 h, >6 and ≤8 h, and >8h were 50.0%, 45.8%, 37.0%, and 21.4%, respectively (p=0.3), those with THRIVE score ≤3, >3 and ≤5, >5 and ≤7, and >7 were 57.1%, 51.4%, 28.3%, and 20.0%, respectively (p9 and ≤11, >11 and ≤13, and >13 were 64.0%, 44.1%, 34.4%, and 16.7%, respectively (p<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that THRIVE+ORT score was an independent predictor of good outcome after adjusted for THRIVE score (odds ratio [OR], 1.367; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.082-1.728) or after adjusted for ORT (OR, 1.517: 95% CI, 1.160-1.983).
Conclusion: Our study showed that THRIVE+ORT score was associated with outcome that was independent from THRIVE score or ORT. This is the first report to suggest that patients with the higher THRIVE score require the shorter ORT for good outcome.
Author Disclosures: K. Todo: None. N. Sakai: None. T. Kono: None. T. Hoshi: None. H. Imamura: None. H. Adachi: None. H. Yamagami: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.