Abstract T P114: Insulin Resistance in Skeletal Muscle of Chronic Stroke
Risk of glucose intolerance and diabetes increases in chronic stroke. The purpose of this study was to assess insulin sensitivity and glycogen synthase (GS), a known benchmark index of insulin action in skeletal muscle, and to compare the activity of this important regulatory enzyme between paretic (P) and non-paretic (NP) skeletal muscle in chronic stroke. We measured insulin sensitivity (M) and bilateral GS fractional activity (ratio of independent to total activity), in lyophilized microdissected muscle samples obtained after an overnight fast and 2 hrs into a 3-hr 80 mU.m-2.min-1 hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp in 21 stroke survivors (n=15 men, n=6 women) (age: 59±2 yrs, BMI: 31±2 kg/m2, X±SEM). All had hemiparetic gait after ischemic stroke (>6 months), low aerobic capacity (VO2peak, 19.7±1.3 ml/kg/min), and wide range of %body fat (11-48%). Leg lean mass was lower in P than NP (9.3±0.5 vs. 10.0±0.5 kg, P<0.001). Subjects had either normal glucose tolerance (n=7), impaired glucose tolerance (n=7), or diabetes (n=7) and insulin resistance (M: 38.5±2.6 umol/kgFFM/min). Insulin robustly increased GS fractional activity (basal vs. insulin) in P (2.8±0.4 vs.7.5±0.8%, P<0.00001) and NP (2.7±0.4 vs. 9.1±1.1%, P<0.00001) muscle. The %change was greater in NP than P (213±32 vs. 296±36%, P=0.04). The effect of in vivo insulin to increase GS fractional activity was associated with M in P and NP muscle (r=0.59 and r=0.49, P<0.05). In conclusion, muscle atrophy and a reduction in insulin action in paretic muscle likely contribute to whole body insulin resistance in chronic stroke.
Author Disclosures: A.S. Ryan: None. H. Ortmeyer: None. F. Ivey: None. C. Hafer-Macko: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.