Abstract T P146: The Impact of Pre-stroke Depressive Symptoms, Fatalism, and Social Support on Disability after Stroke
Background: Fatalism and depression have been linked to post-stroke mortality and stroke recurrence. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of pre-stroke fatalism, depressive symptoms, and social support on neurological, functional, and cognitive outcomes after stroke.
Methods: Ischemic strokes (2008 -2011) were identified from the Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi (BASIC) Project. At baseline interviews, pre-stroke depressive symptoms, fatalism, and social support were assessed using Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9; 0-27; higher worse), modified Mental Adjustment for Stroke and Pearlin scales (8-40; higher worse), and a 7-item social support scale (0 -14; higher better); respectively. Outcome among survivors was assessed at 90 days using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS; 0-44, higher worse); activities/ instrumental activities of daily living (ADL/IADL; 1-4, higher worse); and Modified Mini-Mental State Exam (3MSE; 0-100, lower worse). Regression models were used to evaluate associations of interest, adjusting for demographic and clinical factors.
Results: Among 364 participants with outcome interviews and complete covariate data, mean age was 66, 49.5% were female and 58.8% were Mexican American. In adjusted models, higher pre-stroke fatalism (median 17; IQR 12, 20) was associated with poorer functional (0.17 point higher ADL/IADL score per IQR higher fatalism score; 95% CI 0.05, 0.30) and cognitive (2.81 point lower 3MSE per IQR higher fatalism score; 95% CI 0.95, 4.67) outcomes. Similarly, higher pre-stroke depressive symptoms (median 3; IQR 0, 9) were associated with poorer functional (0.16 point higher ADL/IADL per IQR higher PHQ-9; 95% CI .04, 0.28) and cognitive (2.28 point lower 3MSE per IQR higher PHQ-9; 95% CI 0.46, 4.10) outcomes. There were no significant associations between fatalism or depressive symptoms and NIHSS or between social support (median 10; IQR 7, 12) and 90-day outcomes. Conclusions: Among ischemic stroke survivors, pre-stroke fatalism and depressive symptoms, but not social support, impact 90-day functional and cognitive outcomes. These findings reinforce the importance of evaluating and addressing psychological factors in stroke care.
Author Disclosures: A.Z. Sharrief: None. B.N. Sánchez: None. L.D. Lisabeth: None. L.E. Skolarus: None. D.B. Zahuranec: Other Research Support; Modest; Medtronic. Research Grant; Significant; NIH/NIA K23AG038731. J. Baek: None. E. Case: None. N. Garcia: None. L.B. Morgenstern: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.