Abstract T P158: Albuminuria Is Associated With Neurological Deterioration and Poor Outcome in Acute Stroke Patients With Non-valvular Atrial Fibrillation: The SAMURAI-NVAF Study
Background and purpose: The impact of albuminuria on clinical outcomes in acute cardioembolic stroke is not fully investigated. We assessed whether high spot urine albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) was associated with clinical outcomes in acute stroke with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF).
Methods: From 2011 to 2014, we enrolled acute ischemic stroke/TIA patients with NVAF in the SAMURAI-NVAF study, which is a multicenter, observational study. Patients with complete ACR values were included in the analysis. They were divided into the N (normal, ACR < 30mg/g) and the H (high, ACR ≥ 30mg/g) groups. Clinical outcomes were neurological deterioration (an increase of NIHSS ≥1 point during the initial 7 days) and poor outcome (mRS of 4-6 at 3 months).
Results: Of 558 patients (328 men, 77±10 y) who were included, 271 and 287 were assigned to the H group and the N group, respectively. As compared with patients in the N group, those in the H group were more frequently female (52 vs 31%, p < 0.001) and older (80±10 vs 75±10 y, p < 0.001). On admission, patients in the H group more frequently had diabetes (28 vs 17%, p = 0.003), less frequently had paroxysmal AF (68 vs 57%, p = 0.009), had higher levels of SBP (157±28 vs 151±24 mmHg, p = 0.003), NIHSS score (11 vs 5, p < 0.001), CHA2DS2-VASc score (6 vs 5, p < 0.001), plasma glucose (141±62 vs 132±41 mg/dL, p = 0.04), and brain natriuretic peptide (348±331 vs 259±309 pg/mL, p = 0.002), and had lower levels of hemoglobin (13±2 vs 14±2 g/dL, p = 0.02), and estimated glomerular filtration ratio (eGFR) (60±24 vs 66±20 mL/min/1.73m2 p = 0.002). On imaging studies, patients in the H group more frequently had large infarct (29 vs 20 %, p = 0.02) and culprit artery occlusion (64 vs 48%, p < 0.001). Neurological deterioration (14 vs 4%, p < 0.001) and poor outcome (49 vs 24%, p < 0.001) were more frequently observed in the H group. On multivariate regression analysis adjusted for significant confounders and reperfusion therapy, the H group was associated with neurological deterioration (OR 2.43; 95% CI 1.14-5.5; p = 0.02) and poor outcome (OR 2.75; 95% CI 1.45-5.2; p = 0.002), although eGFR was not significantly related to either.
Conclusion: High ACR, a marker of albuminuria, was independently associated with unfavorable outcomes in acute stroke patients with NVAF.
Author Disclosures: T. Matsuki: None. M. Koga: Honoraria; Modest; Bayer Yakuhin, Ltd, Bristol-Myers Squibb K.K. S. Arihiro: None. K. Todo: None. H. Yamagami: None. E. Furui: None. Y. Shiokawa: None. S. Okuda: None. H. Mochizuki: None. Y. Okada: None. T. Kameda: None. T. Terasaki: None. S. Takizawa: None. Y. Nagakane: None. Y. Ito: None. Y. Hasegawa: None. K. Kimura: None. K. Kamiyama: None. T. Nakashima: None. K. Takamatsu: None. K. Nishiyama: None. K. Homma: None. N. Kinoshita: None. K. Kario: None. K. Toyoda: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.