Abstract T P18: Incidence and Management of Intracranial Wire Perforation During Acute Stroke Endovascular Therapy
BACKGROUND: Wire perforation during endovascular thrombectomy for acute stroke is a rare but devastating complication. Understanding the incidence and mechanism of this adverse event may further identify preventive strategies and improvements in management during perforation.
METHODS: Retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of acute stroke interventions at our institute identified 1035 patients. Of these, 46 patients were noted to have contrast extravastion during the procedure concerning for wire perforation (4%).
RESULTS: A majority of the cases involved the anterior circulation (76%). Sites of perforation included: ICA (12), MCA (23), ophthalmic (1), anterior choroidal (2), PCA (4), PICA (1), SCA (1) and vertebral artery (2). Successful hemostasis was achieved with onyx embolization (39%), coil embolization (13%), onyx/coil combined embolization (5%), microcatheter occlusion (2%) and balloon inflation (7%). Thirty one percentage of the cases occurred during intracranial stenting or angioplasty. Despite high rates of mortality (72%), rapid recognition of extravasation and hemostasis led to good outcomes in 9% of patient.
CONCLUSION: Intra-procedural wire perforation with leakage of contrast is associated with catheterization of small caliber vessels such as distal MCA branches (M3), anterior choroidal artery and diminutive posterior circulation vessels as well as intracranial angioplasty/stenting. Devastating outcomes can potentially be averted with appropriate hemostatic control.
Author Disclosures: D. Gulati: None. A. Aghaebrahim,: None. A. Malik: None. A. Ducruet: None. B. Jankowitz: None. T. Jovin: None. A. Jadhav: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.