Abstract T P188: High Prevalence Of Igm Anti-phosphatidylserine-prothrombin Complex Antibodies And Lupus Anticoagulant In Patients With Non-lacunar Ischemic Stroke Without A Determined Cause
Background and Purpose: The cause of ischemic stroke remains undetermined in about 25% of patients even after appropriate studies. Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease in which vascular thrombosis occurs in patients with antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies. Anti-phosphatidylserine-prothrombin complex (aPS/PT) antibodies are reported to be associated with symptoms of APS and lupus anticoagulant (LAC) activity. Correlations between ischemic stroke and IgM aPS/PT antibodies have not been well investigated. We tried to explore possible correlations between non-lacunar ischemic stroke without a determined cause and aPL antibodies.
Methods: Diagnostic studies consisted of brain MRI/CT, extracranial and intracranial MRA, carotid ultrasonography, 12-lead ECG, 24-hour ECG, transthoracic echo cardiography, transesophageal echo cardiography and venous ultrasonography. After excluding lacunar stroke, proximal arterial stenosis and caridoembolic sources with all these diagnositc studies, we selected 22 non-lacunalr ischemic stroke patients without a determined cause (age 48.5 +/- 14.4 years; 9 woman). We preliminarily measured IgG and IgM anticardiolipin (aCL) antibodies, IgG and IgM aPS/PT antibodies, anti-beta2-glycoprotein I-dependent cardiolipin (anti-beta2 GPI/CL) antibodies and LAC. aCL, aPS/PT, and anti-beta2 GPI/CL antibodies were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. LAC was determined according to the Subcommittee on Lupus Anticoagulant/Phospholipid Dependent Antibody guidelines.
Results: IgM aPS/PT antibodies, LAC, and both of them were detected in 10, 7, and 3 patients, respectively. Neither aCL nor anti-beta2 GPI/CL antibodies were identified in all patients.
Conclusion: Our data demonstrate a high prevalence of IgM aPS/PT antibodies and LAC in patients with non-lacunar ischemic stroke without a determined cause. IgM aPS/PT antibodies and LAC might play some role in the development of ischemic stroke of these patients.
Author Disclosures: E. Furui: None. R. Itabashi: None. Y. Yazawa: None. M. Yamazaki: None. S. Fujiwara: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.