Abstract T P229: Deletion of Voltage Gated Proton Channel in Microglial Cells is Neurovascular Protective After Ischemic Brain Injury
Despite the failure of antioxidant treatments in clinical trials, the undoubted role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in neurovascular damage after ischemic stroke calls for a more targeted approach. ROS production by microglia, the primary resident immune cells in the brain, is a key event of this process in ischemic stroke. Voltage gated proton channel, Hv1, is localized primarily to microglia and sustains NADPH oxidase activity. Deletion of Hv1 is neuroprotective after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). We hypothesized that Hv1-mediated microglial ROS generation is also critical for vascular integrity and contributes to reperfusion injury after transient ischemic stroke. The wildtype (WT) and Hv1 knockout (KO) rats (n=4) were subjected to permanent or 3/24 h transient MCAO. The neurological deficiency, infarct, hemorrhagic transformation, and edema ratio were assessed. We found that in both permanent and transient MCAO model, KO rats develop smaller infarct, less vascular injury, edema, and hemorrhagic transformation, resulting in better short-term functional outcome. These results suggest that deletion of microglial Hv1 channel is vasculoprotective after ischemia/reperfusion and the underlying mechanisms need to be further studied.
Author Disclosures: W. Li: None. B. Ward: None. M. Abdelsaid: None. T. Yu: None. Y. Yoon: None. P. O'Connor: None. A. Ergul: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, National Center.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.