Abstract T P234: Multiparametric Assessment of Longitudinal Changes in Tissue Microstructure in Normal and Abnormal Brain Tissue in Patients with Small Vessel Disease
Background: Volume measures of normal brain tissue and white matter hyperintensities (WMH) between two time points gives limited information about the complex dynamics of tissue change. We evaluated two quantitative parameters that characterise the microstructure of normal-appearing white matter (NAWM), deep grey matter (DGM) and WMH on brain images obtained at presentation with minor stroke and at 1 year to investigate the microstructural changes.
Methods: From 182 brain MRI datasets of patients with minor stroke obtained at baseline and 1 year, we extracted the WMH, DGM and NAWM, and separated WMH into less-intense and intense WMH, using validated semi-automatic methods and validated criteria. We registered the binary structural masks to diffusion space and performed a voxel-wise subtraction of the combined masks at both time points. Then we measured fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD)(valuex10-9m2/s) in each tissue mask at baseline and 1 year.
Results: WMH volume median increase was 1.4ml (IQR 6.98) mainly due to changes in less-intense WMH: 0.94ml (7.13). WMH that were visible at both time points, ie damage that remained after a year, had the lowest FA=
0.21(0.06) and highest MD=1.05(0.12) at baseline, and were mainly intense WMH at baseline (FA=0.12(0.03), MD=1.55(0.27)). WMH seen only at follow-up, ie that were NAWM at baseline, had the highest FA=0.30(0.06) and lowest MD=0.85 (0.06) at baseline. WMH that were observed only at baseline had intermediate
FA=0.26(0.08) and MD=0.90(0.10). NAWM FA=0.26(0.03), MD=0.78(0.04) and DGM
FA=0.23(0.03), MD=0.79(0.06) did not change between time points.
Conclusions: WMH at baseline can partially evolve to normal-appearing tissues, remain or precede tissue loss. Differentiation between severe and subtle damage and spatial analysis are necessary to characterise the dynamic of
Author Disclosures: M.D.C. Valdes-Hernandez: None. P.A. Armitage: None. E. Sakka: None. S. Munoz Maniega: None. N.A. Royle: None. S. Makin: None. J.M. Wardlaw: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.