Abstract T P250: Role of Autophagy in Blood-Brain Barrier Disruption and Tight Junction Degradation Under Ischemic Condition
During ischemic stroke, the integrity of blood-brain barrier (BBB), which shows selective permeability for substances to brain, is significantly damaged amplifying ischemic neuronal damage. There have been attempts to identify the exact mechanism ischemic BBB disruption to minimize brain damage under ischemic stroke. Autophagy is catabolic process which involves degradation and recycling of damaged or unnecessary organelles. However, excessive autophagy can induce cell damage and death under pathological conditions such as ischemia. In this study, we evaluated if autophagy is a key mechanism of BBB dysfunction under ischemic stroke. In vitro BBB model of bEnd.3 cells were exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD), an ischemic mimic condition. After exposure to OGD for 18 hours, cell viability was significantly decreased and cellular permeability was impaired. The conversion of LC3-I to LC3-II and puncta of LC3 in bEnd.3 were increased, demonstrating that autophagy is induced under ischemic condition. Modulation of autophagy by 3-methyladenine, an autophagy inhibitor, reversed the conversion of LC3 as well as decreased cell viability, suggesting that autophagy involves in ischemic BBB damage. The level of occludin, a tight junction protein in BBB, was decreased after OGD, and this was reversed by inhibition of autophagy. Our findings showed that induction of autophagy might contribute to increased permeability through occludin degradation in brain endothelial cells under ischemia, providing a new mechanism of BBB disruption in ischemic stroke.
Author Disclosures: K. Kim: None. Y. Shin: None. E. Kim: None. M. Akram: None. D. Noh: None. E. Kim: None. O. Bae: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.