Abstract T P271: Establishment of Stroke Ward Results in Immediate Reduction of Major Complications
Background and Purpose: Randomized controlled trials have consistently shown that stroke units decrease both mortality and morbidity compared with conventional care in general medical wards. There are however limited data on the specific types of in-hospital medical complications and their effect on outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine whether establishing a specialized geographically defined Stroke Ward results in reducing the major complications in patients suffering from acute stroke within the same hospital system.
Methods: This is a prospective study from January 2014 till July 2014. Data was collected from a web-based stroke registry in two phases. In phase 1 (from January 1, 2014 till March 08, 2014), we collected data of stroke patients admitted at in the medical wards. In phase 2, a protocol-based multidisciplinary care Stroke Ward became operational where most of the patients were admitted. Outcomes measures were number and type of complications, mortality, discharge disposition, and length of stay, and were adjusted for age, sex, and medical co-morbidities.
Results: There were 130 admissions in phase 1 and 345 in phase 2. Commonest complications included, aspiration pneumonia 29% vs 12% (p<0.001) and pressure ulcers in 35% vs 11% (p<0.001). Average length of stay decreased from 12 days to 4 days (p<0.001). In phase 1, 70 % of patients were discharged home, while 23% were transferred to rehabilitation while in phase 2, 75% of patients were discharged home, while 18% patients were sent to rehabilitation. Ninety percent of complications happened in medical wards, mainly in patients who over stayed in emergency department (more than 8 hours) waiting for bed in Stroke Ward or medical floor.
Conclusion: A protocol based multidisciplinary care Stroke Ward care significantly reduces common early complications of acute stroke. It also helps in significantly reducing the length of stay, saving total bed days at a tertiary care hospital, hence improving the overall care of these patients.
Author Disclosures: N. Akhtar: None. S. Kamran: None. R. Singh: None. D. Deleu: None. P. Bourke: None. S. Joseph: None. M. Santos: None. A. Shuaib: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.