Abstract T P289: Long-term Outcome Analysis in Patients With Malignant Middle Cerebral Artery Stroke Who Underwent Decompressive Hemicraniectomy
Background and Purpose: Decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) reduces mortality and improves physical outcome in selected patients with malignant middle cerebral artery (mMCA) stroke. In this study, we performed comprehensive functional evaluation in mMCA stroke patients who underwent DHC, and attempted to identify the pre-surgical factors that correlated with long-term physical outcome.
Methods: We identified mMCA stroke patients treated with DHC in our institution between January 2007 and April 2013. Functional outcome was assessed in survivors through clinic visit or telephone interview using modified Rankin Scale (mRS), Barthel Index, Geriatric Depression Scale, Stroke Impact Scale, Satisfaction of Life Scale, and retrospective consent. In addition, all patients including survivors and deceased were classified into acceptable outcome (mRS<=4) and bad outcome (mRS>4) groups. Pre-surgical factors including age, gender, stroke risk factors, time to surgery, cerebral vessel involvement, cause of stroke, use of intravenous tPA or endovascular intervention were compared between two groups.
Results: 37 patients were identified meeting our study criteria. 11 out of 16 survivors were enrolled for functional assessment (mean age 54.7 years, 73% male, 27% left hemisphere stroke, and mean time after stroke 3.4 years). Psychosocial aspect scored much higher than physical outcome in comprehensive functional evaluation. The majority of participants were satisfied with life and agreed for the retrospective consent. Comparing two groups with acceptable (n=9) and bad (n=23) outcomes, pre-surgical characteristics including age>60, anterior cerebral artery involvement, hemorrhagic transformation, history of diabetes and coronary artery diseases were potentially associated with worse long-term outcome.
Conclusions: A better psychological recovery suggests that appropriate mMCA stroke patients should not be deprived a DHC only based on a presumed unfavorable physical outcome. Some pre-surgical factors may be predictive for a worse outcome, which will assist physicians and families making critical decisions.
Author Disclosures: J. Xu: None. S.A. Warren: None. A.Y. Khanna: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.