Abstract T P307: Similar Rates of Early Cognitive Dysfunction after Intracerebral Hemorrhage and Acute Ischemic Stroke
Introduction: Post-stroke cognitive dysfunction (CD) affects at least 1/3 of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients when assessed at 3 months. Limited data exists on CD in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The role of early, in-hospital cognitive screening using the brief Montreal Cognitive Assessment (mini MoCA) is being investigated at our center.
Hypothesis: We assessed the rates of early CD in ICH and AIS and hypothesized that even minor deficits from these disorders causes significant CD.
Methods: 1218 consecutive stroke patients admitted from 2/13 to 12/13 were reviewed; 610, 442 with AIS and 168 with ICH, with admission NIHSS and mini MoCAs were included in the final analyses. CD was defined as mini MoCA <9 (max 12). Poor outcome was defined as discharge mRS 4-6. Stroke severity was stratified by NIHSS score of 0-5, 6-10, 11-15, 16-20, 21-42 as in ECASS-I . Chi-squared tests and univariate logistic regression analyses were performed.
Results: Baseline characteristics are shown in table 1. AIS and ICH groups were similar with regard to race, gender and stroke severity. ICH patients were younger, had longer stroke service lengths of stay and poorer outcomes than AIS patients (p=0.03, p<0.001, p<0.001). No difference was seen in rates of CD between AIS and ICH patients (60% vs. 57%, p=0.36, OR 1.2 (CI 0.8-1.7)). CD rates ranged from 36% for NIHSS 0-5 to 96% for 21-42 (figure 1). Older patients were twice as likely to have CD (p<0.001, OR 2.2 (CI 1.6 - 3.0)). Patients with CD had five times the odds of having a poor outcome compared to the cognitively intact (p<0.001, OR 5.2 (CI 3.4-7.7)). In univariate logistic regression analyses, age was a significant predictor of CD in AIS, but not in ICH (p= <0.001, p=0.06).
Conclusion: Post-stroke CD is common across all severities and occurs at similar rates in AIS and ICH. More than 1/3 of patients with minor deficits (NIHSS 0-5) had CD in the acute hospital setting. Whether early CD is predictive of long term cognitive outcomes deserves further study.
Author Disclosures: M. Denny: Research Grant; Significant; National Institutes of Health (NIH) - T32 grant. S.S. Bajgur: None. K.Y.T. Vu: None. R.R. Karamchandani: None. A. Sarraj: None. S.I. Savitz: Research Grant; Significant; National Institutes of Health (NIH).
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.