Abstract T P308: Does Hospitalist Directed Care Reduce The Length Of Stay For Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients And Improve Adherence To The “Get With The Guidelines” Inpatient Quality Measures?
Background: Hospitalist directed care has shown significant association with improved lengths of stay with improvements in outcomes in several acute conditions. The hospitalist effect has not been studied in acute ischemic stroke management.
Objective: To identify acute ischemic stroke patients admitted under a hospitalist, internist, family practice physician, or a specialist and compare the length of stay, discharge outcome, and adherence to the “Get with the Guidelines” (GWTG) stroke performance measures prior to discharge.
Methods: We identified consecutive acute ischemic stroke patients over a 4-year period (June 2010-June 2014) from a private Gold Plus Target Stroke Honor Roll primary stroke center. We categorized all stroke admissions according to admitting physicians - hospitalist, internist, family practice, or specialty physician directed care. We collected demographics, risk factors and discharge outcomes based on the modified Rankin Scale (mRS). We analyzed all of the GWTG stroke inpatient quality measures (venous thromboembolism prophylaxis, statin on discharge, anthithrombotic by end of day 2, antithrombotic medication on discharge, atrial fibrillation discharged on anticoagulant) and compared rate of deficiencies between the four groups of admitting physicians.
Results: A total of 1584 patients [mean age (± SD) 68.6±13.7 years; 55.6% men] were admitted with acute ischemic stroke. There was no statistically significant difference in length of stay between the 4 groups (p=0.4). There was a significant difference in the GTWG inpatient quality measures with the hospitalist group having the lowest rates of deficiencies seen with 5% of their admissions (p=0.03), and the internists have the highest rate of deficiencies with 16% of their admissions (p=0.01). The most common deficiency was not prescribing a statin at discharge (56% of total fallouts). There was no difference in poor outcomes on discharge (mRS 3-6) (p=0.2).
Conclusions: There is a significant improvement in adherence to the GWTG inpatient stroke measures when an acute ischemic stroke patient is admitted under the care of a hospitalist. Prospective databases are recommended to evaluate if this leads to better long term outcomes.
Author Disclosures: A.E. Hassan: None. C. Sanchez: None. A.A. Malik: None. E. Abantao: None. O. Sanchez: None. L. Jones-Fullingim: None. W.G. Tekle: None. A.I. Qureshi: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.