Abstract T P319: Patient Characteristics and Outcomes in Pregnancy-Related Intracerebral Hemorrhage
Background: Mortality rates as high as 20% have been reported for pregnant patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The aim of this study is to describe the risk factors, management and outcomes of pregnant compared to non-pregnant patients with ICH in the Get With The Guidelines (GWTG) Stroke Registry.
Methods: Using medical history or ICD-9 codes, we identified 178 pregnant and 4817 non-pregnant female patients aged 18-44 with ICH in GWTG from 2008-2013. Differences in patient and care characteristics were compared by Chi-square tests for categorical variables and Wilcoxon Rank-Sum tests for continuous variables. Stratified logistic regression assessed the effect of pregnancy on outcomes conditional on age and adjusted for patient and hospital characteristics.
Results: Pregnant ICH patients were younger, had fewer preexisting stroke risk factors and used fewer associated medications. Median initial blood pressures, initial neurologic exam findings and measures of guideline-based care were similar between groups (Table). Stroke onset did not occur in a healthcare setting for >85% of all patients, but pregnant patients took longer to arrive (median 268 vs. 186 min), used EMS less often (29% vs. 39%) and went to larger hospitals with higher annual ICH admissions than non-pregnant patients. Risk adjusted odds of in-hospital death in pregnant women were about half that of non-pregnant women (aOR 0.57, 95% CI 0.34-0.94), but length of stay >6 days (aOR 1.39, 95% CI 0.86-2.27), independent ambulation at discharge (aOR 1.12, 95% CI 0.81-1.54) and discharge to home (aOR 1.10, 95% CI 0.81-1.51) outcomes were similar.
Conclusions: Pregnant women with ICH are younger and healthier than their non-pregnant counterparts but have similar presenting symptoms. Despite later arrival times, in-hospital mortality is lower, suggesting differences in underlying disease pathophysiology.
Author Disclosures: L. Leffert: None. C. Clancy: None. B. Bateman: None. M. Cox: None. P. Schulte: None. E. Smith: None. G. Fonarow: None. L. Schwamm: Other; Modest; Unpaid; AHA Chair of the Stroke CWG of GWTG-Stroke. M. George: None. E. Kuklina: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, Founders - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.