Abstract T P356: Functional Outcomes of the Acute Ischemic Stroke Patient Population
Background: Stroke is the leading cause of long-term disability and affects 795,000 in the U.S. each year. This study is conducted to enhance knowledge ofoutcomes after an acute ischemic stroke (AIS).Comprehensive Stroke Certification tasks hospitals with expanding knowledge of functional and quality of life outcomes for AIS patients through the early acute and post-acute phase of recovery and examining the effects of stroke severity, functional impairment,discharge destinations, functional independence, and quality of life post discharge.
Researchable question: What are most common setbacks after AIS affetcing functional outcome & readmission?
Methods: Looked at AIS patients from 12/2012 -12/ 2013 at Cedars-Sina. Of total of 709 patients 318 were contacted by phone. Measures collected by MedTel Outcomes LLC on all AIS patients one month after discharge. This included the Functional Independence Measure and standardized quality of life and participation measures.The median age was 65 years at the time of the stroke.
Results: Most common setbacks were recurrent strokes, pneumonia, falls& heart failure.All caused re-hospitalization after stroke. Discharge destinations 30 days post stroke hospitalization were: home independent 144 (43.3%). No significant disability 49 (14.7%), Slight disability 21 (6.3%) Moderate disability 44 ( 13.2%), moderate to severe disability 43 ( 12.9%) and finally severe disability 31( 9.3%). 83.7 % were home without assistance and 1.3 % were in board and care, 15 patients, (4.7 %) had been readmitted for recurrent stroke, 48 patients had fallen since discharge
Conclusions: Over 83.7 % of AIS patients were back living in the community at home with over 60 % having slight disability.The long-term outcomes have implications for late secondary and tertiary prevention and creating a model for predictors of these At follow-up, in terms of physical functioning measures,mostpatients were independent in toileting and self-care activities,half were independent in mobility excluding stairs.Data from this study can be used to understand the functional trajectory of recovery based on severity of stroke, discharge destination and other factors. It is important to understand patients’ characteristics to help prevent readmissions.
Author Disclosures: L. Paletz: Employment; Significant; 100. P. Roberts: None. N. Steiner: None. B. Robertson: None. N. Wolber: None. S. Guerra: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.