Abstract T P65: Early Statin Intervention Can Reduce the Early Neurological Deterioration and Recurrence in Acute Lacunar Stroke
Background and Purpose: Some patients with lacunar infarction show clinical neurological deterioration within few days after the onset. However factors associated with progressive lacunar stroke are unclear. The aim of this study was to identify the factors related to early neurological deterioration and recurrence in acute lacunar stroke.
Methods: We studied 277 consecutive patients (173 men; mean age, 72 years) with a lacunar infarction admitted within 72 hours after the onset between Jan 2011 and Jul 2013. Progressive infarction (PI) was defined as an increase of ≥ 4 points in the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score or recurrence of symptomatic ischemic stroke within 30 days after the onset. Associations between PI and patient characteristics, neuroimaging and acute treatments were evaluated.
Results: Twenty-four of the 277 patients (8.7%) had PI, 21 patients (7.6%) presented with neurological deterioration and remaining 3 (1.1%) with symptomatic recurrence. In univariate analysis, an initial infarct extent of ≥15 mm was more frequent (P < 0.01), and age (P = 0.04), CRP (P = 0.05) and LDL-C (P = 0.04) were higher in patients with PI than those without. Early statin intervention (newly initiated statin, dose-escalation of pre-treated statin, or switching to strong statin) was significantly more frequent in patient without PI (41.9 vs 20.8%, P=0.04). Early dual antiplatelet or anticoagulant therapy was not associated with PI. In multivariate analysis, age [OR: 1.67 per 10 year; 95% CI: 1.07-2.70, p = 0.02], an initial infarct extent of ≥15 mm [OR: 5.26; 95% CI: 2.01-14.37, p < 0.01], LDL-C [OR: 1.25 per 10mg/dL; 95% CI: 1.09-1.46, p < 0.01], and statin intervention [OR: 0.22; 95% CI: 0.06-0.68, p < 0.01] were related to PI.
Conclusion: Older Age, higher LDL-C and larger initial infarct extent were related to early neurological deterioration and recurrence in acute lacunar stroke. Further, early statin intervention can reduce the progressive lacunar stroke. Prospective randomized controlled trials are needed to determine whether the early statin intervention can prevent progression in acute lacunar stroke.
Author Disclosures: K. Fukuma: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.