Abstract T P8: Outcomes of Endovascular Treatment Using Solitaire Devices in Acute Ischemic Stroke With Favorable Penumbral Imaging Pattern
Introduction: Through emerging of novel devices and elaborated patient selection, endovascular treatment against acute ischemic stroke is gaining popularity. We investigated factors influencing outcomes after endovascular treatment in highly applicable patients.
Methods: We enrolled consecutive 72 patients with favorable penumbral pattern, who underwent endovascular treatment with Solitaire from 2010 through 2013 in three hospitals of Korea. Inclusion criteria were these: the NIHSS and age were between 6 and 29, and 18 and 85, respectively, and endovascular procedures could begin within 8 h from onset. A favorable penumbral pattern was defined as a mismatch ratio ≥ 1.43 between hypoperfusion by Tmax > 6 s and infarction core by DWI which should be < 90 mL. The good outcome was defined as mRS ≤ 2 at 3 Mo. The recanalization was evaluated by TICI grading and successful recanalization was defined as grade 2b or 3.
Results: Among 72 patients, 44 (61%) underwent combined treatment with intravenous (IV) and endovascular treatments, and 28 (39%) were treated by endovascular thrombectomy only. The overall recanalization rate was 82%, and the proportion of good outcome was 55.6%. Younger age and recanalization were associated with good outcome, but onset to treatment time and the combined IV thrombolysis was not related to good outcome. After propensity score matching to balance possible confounders between combined and endovascular-only treatment groups, combined treatment did not have beneficial effects than endovascular-only (OR, 0.8; 95% CI, 0.1-2.6). The successful recanalization after endovascular treatment was an independent predictor for good outcome (adjusted OR, 6.8; 95% CI, 1.3-34.5), after controlling age, sex, stroke severity, onset to treatment time, the combined IV therapy, and risk factors.
Conclusion: In patients with discrete diffusion-perfusion mismatch, the recanalization after thrombectomy is the most important predictor for good outcomes.
Author Disclosures: C. Kim: None. J. Kang: None. Y. Kim: None. K. Jung: None. B. Yoon: None. D. Choi: None. W. Yoon: None. Y. Cho: None. M. Han: None. C. Sohn: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.