Abstract T P83: Strain Differences In Leptomeningeal Collateral Flow Dynamics Correlate With Differences In Stroke Outcome
Introduction: Emerging evidences suggest that the collateral circulation plays a key role in the risk of stroke and the severity of infarction. The current study aimed to investigate the effect of the brain collateral circulation in acute phase of stroke and outcome in two inbred mouse strains that differ markedly in anatomical collateralization.
Methods: Male C57BL/6 and Balb/C mice were subjected to permanent unilateral common carotid artery occlusion (CCAO) or temporary distal middle cerebral artery occlusion (dMCAo). Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was assessed by laser doppler flowmetry. In vivo imaging of collateral blood flow and flow velocity was evaluated by doppler optical coherence tomography (DOCT). Infarct size and motor function was assessed at 24 hours and 1 week after dMCAo, respectively. DiI-labeling was used to reveal anastomoses and to determine vessel diameter.
Results: The diameters of the ICA and ACA on the ischemic side in both strains markedly decreased at 24 hours after CCAO but recovered at 7 days, although the diameters of ICA, MCA and ACA are larger in the Balb/C compared to the C57BL/6 strain before and after CCAO. Balb/C mice exhibited significantly less leptomeningeal connecting collateral arteries compared to C57BL/6 (0.6±0.3 vs 11.3±0.4, p<0.001), coincided with a larger infarction and worse neurological outcomes after dMCAo compared to C57BL/6. During the acute phase of occlusion of the CCA or MCA, C57BL/6 mice also demonstrated a much more robust retrograde filling of several distal branches of the MCA from ACA compared to Balb/C mice.
Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that anatomical insufficiency of the leptomeningeal collateralization is associated with an impaired collateral flow dynamics, resulting in reduced rCBF during the acute phase of MCA stroke, which might in part, contribute to the larger infarction observed in the Balb/C strain.
Author Disclosures: Y. Nishijima: None. Y. Akamtsu: None. C. Lee: None. J. Liu: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.