Abstract W MP108: Identifying Factors Predictive of Good Outcome among Patients with Severe Ischemic Stroke: the BASIC Project
Background: Utilizing a population-based stroke surveillance study, our objective was to identify possible socio-demographic, cultural and psychological factors that influence outcome among patients with severe stroke who survive at least 3 months.
Methods: Ischemic strokes (IS) were identified utilizing the Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi (BASIC) Project. Severe stroke was defined as the highest quartile of the initial NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS ≥ 8). Functional outcome was assessed at 90 days using the ADL/IADL score (0-4, higher worse). Good outcome was defined as ADL/IADL <3. Single predictor logistic regression models were used to identify predictors of good outcome among those with severe stroke. Backward elimination was then used to select a final set of predictors. Next, models including selected predictors and pre-stroke social support or pre-stroke depression (PHQ-9) were used to evaluate their association with good outcome among a subset of patients who were asked about these factors. Only patients who were able to answer their own questions were asked about depression and social support.
Results: From Feb 2009 to Jun 2012, 646 IS patients completed a baseline interview and subsequent 90-day outcome interview. Of 168 with severe stroke, 68 had a good outcome at 3 months (ADL/IADL <3). One year older age (OR=0.94, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.91, 0.97), Mexican American ethnicity (OR 0.30, 95%CI: 0.13, 0.68), stroke history (OR 0.27, 95%CI: 0.11, 0.66) and higher pre-stroke modified Rankin of 4-5 (OR 0.28, 95%CI: 0.08, 0.93) were associated with lower odds of good outcome. Among the subset of severe stroke patients (N=93) asked about pre-stroke depression and social support, higher pre-stroke depression score was associated with lower odds of good outcome (OR: 0.89, 95%CI 0.79, 0.99) while greater pre-stroke social support was associated with higher odds of good outcome (OR: 1.45, 95% CI 1.13, 1.86).
Conclusion: Among IS survivors with severe stroke, pre-stroke depression and social support are important predictors of good outcome. These factors should be considered in crafting interventions to improve stroke outcome. Mexican American ethnicity and history of prior stroke are strongly negatively associated with good stroke outcome.
Author Disclosures: N. Garcia: None. L.D. Lisabeth: None. B.N. Sanchez: None. D.B. Zahuranec: Other Research Support; Modest; Medtronic. Research Grant; Significant; NIH/NIA K23AG038731. L.E. Skolarus: None. L.B. Morgenstern: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.