Abstract W MP39: SSRI/SNRI Use Is Not Associated With Increased Risk Of Delayed Cerebral Ischemia After Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Objective: To determine the effect of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI)/Selective Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor (SNRI) use prior to or during admission for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) on the risk of symptomatic vasospasm and diffuse cerebral ischemia (DCI).
Methods: Review of electronic records at Mayo Clinic, Rochester from Jan. 2001 to Dec. 2013 of consecutive patients with aSAH. The variables collected and analyzed were: age, sex, active smoking, transfusion, modified Fisher score, WFNS grade, and outcome at discharge. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate factors associated with DCI, symptomatic vasospasm, and poor outcome (modified Rankin score 3-6) within 1 year.
Results: 583 [females 367 (63%)] patients with a median age of 55 (47-65) years were admitted with aSAH during the study period. WFNS at nadir was IV-V in 243 (41.6%) and modified Fisher score was 3-4 in 438 (75.2%). Eighty one (14.6%) patients were taking SSRI or SNRI prior to admission and these medications were continued in all of them. Symptomatic vasospasm was present in 154 (27.7%), radiological infarction in 172(29.5%), and DCI in 250(42.9%) patients. SSRI/SNRI use was not associated with the occurrence of DCI (p=0.458), symptomatic vasospasm (p=0.097), radiological infarction (p=0.972), or poor functional outcome (p=0.376).
Conclusions: The use of SSRI/SNRI prior to admission and/or during hospitalization in patients with aSAH was not associated with symptomatic vasospasm or DCI.
Author Disclosures: J. Young: None. T. Singh: None. J. Fugate: None. A. Rabinstein: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.